who or what created the universe according to buddha/ buddhists?

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did he believe in a god?

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  1. Even the briefest research would show you that Buddha remained silent on the question of existence or non-existence of a deity. And, in general, he discouraged questions about the existence of things that couldn’t be experienced or had nothing to do with how we produce suffering.
    Later Buddhist philosophers did present a model for the origin of the universe and its structure. Surprisingly, this early Buddhist model is fairly consistent with some modern cosmologies, despite the fact that it’s 2,500 years old.
    Very briefly, Buddhist cosmology describes the universe as cyclical — sequential universes arise and disappear over very long periods of time (“mahakalpas” — a period of 4 “kalpas”). Each universe arises from a “primordial wind” and disappears through a great fire that destroys the entire universe. Then the process begins again.
    A kalpa is sometimes described like this: Imagine a solid block of granite one cubic mile in size. Every year a dove flies by the cube and brushes it lightly with its wing. A kalpa is how long it takes for the granite to erode away from the dove’s action. A long time…
    The link below will give you more information on this topic than you probably want.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhist_cosmology

  2. P’ang, brilliant answer.
    I thought I’d add a little real-life context to this. I identify as a Buddhist and I am a physicist. I have confidence in the big bang theory, however this doesn’t explain the origin. To me, a cyclical universe seems the most rational idea, doing away with the issue of a ‘beginning’. That being said, M-theory is working to explain an origin, but it’s not yet science (it cannot yet be tested with the scientific method), M-theory is currently a philosophy (or pseudoscience at best). But importantly, does it matter? We’re here, we’re subjected to a universe filled with conditioned phenomena, all of which are impermanent, and we have evolved into a clinging species. We cling to things that cannot last, that causes us to suffer. There is another way, abandon the clinging and the suffering does! This doesn’t mean ‘don’t have fun’, just don’t cling to it! When the fun stops, don’t wish for it to return. Sounds like an impossible task? Well there are some (eight) attributes that we need to develop in order to abandon our clingy nature. If you want to know more, just email me. Importantly, worrying about the origin of the universe is not one of those eight attributes. That’s why I stopped worrying 🙂

  3. P’ang has explain a lot, I don’t need to repeat then.
    If you didn’t know, Buddha is the liberator of all life forms. In Buddhism texts, you can see gods worship Buddha and received teachings from him. There are even stories that gods seek protection from Buddha.
    Don’t be surprise. (^_^)

  4. Buddhist cosmology unequivocally says the universe (the totality of everything) is without beginning. It was not created by a creator god, nor has it appeared from nothing in any other way. It’s basically what modern science says: nothing appears from nothing, and nothing disappears into nothingness – everything is just constant flux and change: matter changes form, matter becomes energy, energy becomes matter, planets, solar systems and galaxies form and dissolve, but the matter/energy sum stays. Everything depends on causes and conditions. The best way to find out the details is not reading Buddhist scriptures (their message is how to attain happiness and avoid suffering, not describing physical science) but asking the modern scientific community.
    This is just what the Dalai Lama is doing, so for many years now he has arranged yearly meetings and seminars with leading Western scientists from different fields (including several Nobel Price winners) and Tibetan scholar monks and meditators. The fascination about the meetings seems to be fully mutual, and the reports are very interesting reads – several of them are published in popular books.
    Read more about the Dalai Lamas meeting with Western science:
    http://www.mindandlife.org/hhdl.science_section.html
    blog and news:
    http://www.mindandlife.org/blog/
    books and publications:
    http://www.mindandlife.org/books.pubs_section.html

  5. The Buddha did believe in a godhead, most likely Brahman. He did not teach about things like god or creation because that wasn’t his goal; he wanted to solve the problem of suffering in a practical way, and he did. The cause of any beginning of the universe is irrelevant to Buddhism, if there was even a beginning. I believe all things have always existed in some form, always in a state of change. There was no creation because there was no beginning.

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