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Anonymous girl
Anonymous girl
10 years ago

The pineal gland is what produces melatonin. That is what helps regulate the sleep cycle. It has some effect on sexual development, and hibernation in other mammals. The pituitary is the master gland of the body, and is related to growth, among a number of other things. It “communicates” hormonally with the hypothalamus which releases hormones to control other glands. The pituitary gland helps control the following body processes: Growth Blood pressure Some aspects of pregnancy and childbirth Breast milk production Sex organ functions in both women and men Thyroid gland function The conversion of food into energy (metabolism) Water… Read more »

Mike J
Mike J
10 years ago

Pituitary Glad is call the Master Gland because it regulates all of the hormonal glands, including the pineal gland.

The pineal gland is a receptor of light, where it contorols the circadian rhythms or sleep wake cycle through production of melatonin. Malfunction of the pineal gland, or poor health habits related to sleep, can lead to disorders such as seasonal affective disorder. Many Americans have developed this disorder over the last century because we spend too much time indoors.

J1
J1
10 years ago

Well that’s actually a loaded question and could take up a lottttt of space. Since I’m not sure which level of difference you are looking for, I’ll tell you what I remember: the pineal gland releases melatonin at night and controls release of serotonin during the day. The pituitary gland has 2 subparts: anterior pituitary and posterior pituitary gland. It is involved in the Hypothalamo-Pituitary Axis. All this means is that the hypothalamus releases hormones which will activate the pituitary gland which will in turn stimulate a target cell/tissue/organ. For example, in the HPA axis (the hypothalamo-pituitary adrenal axis): CRH… Read more »

Alicia
Alicia
10 years ago

The Pineal Gland This gland secretes the hormone melatonin, which helps regulate our circadian rhythms (like the sleep-wake cycle). Pituitary Gland This important endocrine organ, about the size of a pea, secretes at least nine major hormones. Growth Hormone (GH ), which stimulates overall body growth by signaling cells to increase production of proteins and growth in epiphyseal (growth) plates in bones. GH supplements are sometimes taken by athletes, like body builders, in an effort to increase body mass; which it does, but with uncontrolled (unpredictable?) results. Acromegaly, a condition of abnormal growth (e.g., very large jaw, nose, and/or hands)… Read more »

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