What is the difference between conscience and consciousness?

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How do people lose conscience?

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  1. Conscience is in your mind, it tells you what is and what isn’t right.
    Consciousness is the ability of being able and aware of your surroundings, like being awake.

  2. conscience:
    The awareness of a moral or ethical aspect to one’s conduct together with the urge to prefer right over wrong: Let your conscience be your guide.
    A source of moral or ethical judgment or pronouncement: a document that serves as the nation’s conscience.
    Conformity to one’s own sense of right conduct: a person of unflagging conscience.
    The part of the superego in psychoanalysis that judges the ethical nature of one’s actions and thoughts and then transmits such determinations to the ego for consideration.
    The consciousness humans have that an action is morally required or forbidden. In the Christian tradition the nature of this awareness and its status as knowledge is a central problem. On the one hand it is sinful to act against one’s conscience; on the other hand conscience can deceive, since we can be mistaken about what is required or forbidden. Aquinas puts the problem thus: ‘if obeying and disobeying a mistaken conscience are both bad, it seems that men with mistaken consciences are caught in a trap, and cannot avoid sin’ (Summa Theologiae, IaIIae 19.6). The solution is to distinguish between errors of conscience that are voluntary or blameworthy and ones that are involuntary: in the former case we are responsible, in the latter we only do wrong unknowingly. The problem of the authority of conscience became urgent with the rise of Protestant ethics, in which it plays the role hitherto reserved for the independent authority of the Church. Critics of the notion include La Mettrie and Nietzsche, both of whom regarded a bad conscience as a kind of malady
    consciousness:
    The state or condition of being conscious.
    A sense of one’s personal or collective identity, including the attitudes, beliefs, and sensitivities held by or considered characteristic of an individual or group: Love of freedom runs deep in the national consciousness.
    Special awareness or sensitivity: class consciousness; race consciousness.
    Alertness to or concern for a particular issue or situation: a movement aimed at raising the general public’s consciousness of social injustice.
    In psychoanalysis, the conscious.
    consciousness
    The twentieth-century British psychologist Stuart Sutherland once defined consciousness as ‘a fascinating but elusive phenomenon: it is impossible to specify what it is, what it does, or why it evolved. Nothing worth reading has been written about it.’ Consciousness is indeed hard to define, but most people have an intuitive idea of what it is. It encompasses two different concepts: the notion of a self, and the feelings of which the self is aware, especially qualia – our raw sensory experiences.

  3. Sir,
    Consciousness is one’s awareness to the whole world with your all sensories intact. Its 7 – 9% part of the brain function.
    Conscience is a part of our personality. In one way you can say its our ‘ego’; what we present ourselves in the society.
    The net result of the constant conflict between our ‘instinct’ and the ‘ideals’ which we learnt from the society.
    Tilting of the result (presentable behavior) more toward instinctual desire(lust) is equivalent to ‘losing conscience.’
    — Nitya
    PS: Nowadays in our society people are losing conscience for momentary pleassure and trivial gains. For ideal people its a tough time!

  4. Your conscience is the part of your mind which tells you whether what you are doing is right or wrong.
    People lose conscience as an inner feeling as to the goodness or otherwise of one’s behaviour (my conscience is clear, has a guilty conscience).
    When we don’t act the way we should, we sense that something is wrong, and things start going very badly for us. People begin to feel guilt and shame. The emotions of guilt and shame come with moral standards and are the consequence of immoral actions.
    Your consciousness is your mind and thoughts.

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