what is the ashoka chakra on the indian flag, also what does it mean? why did he use it?

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The spoked Ashoka Chakra in the center of the flag replaced the Gandhian spinning wheel to add historical “depth” and separate the national flag from that of the Indian National Congress.
This Dharma Chakra depicted the “wheel of the law” in the Sarnath Lion Capital made by the 3rd-century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. The chakra intends to show that there is life in movement and death in stagnation.


The Indian National Congress, India’s largest political party before independence, adopted a white, green and red flag as its unofficial flag in 1921. The red originally stood for Hinduism, green for Islam, and white stood for other minority religions. It is also believed that white also formed a buffer of peace between the two communities, as in the flag of Ireland. In 1931, the Congress party adopted another flag with the colours saffron, white and green, and featuring the Charkha (spinning wheel) in the centre, as their official flag. This flag purportedly had no religious symbolism associated with it.
A few days before India became independent on August 1947, the specially constituted Constituent Assembly decided that the flag of the Indian National Congress should be adopted as the national flag of India with suitable modifications, to make it acceptable to all parties and communities. The most significant change was replacing the charkha with the Ashoka Chakra. Since the colours of the previous flag were seen as having religious connotations, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, who later became India’s first Vice President, clarified that the adopted flag did not have any communal connotations and described its significance as follows:
“Bhagwa or the saffron colour denotes renunciation or disinterestedness. Our leaders must be indifferent to material gains and dedicate themselves to their work. The white in the centre is light, the path of truth to guide our conduct. The green shows our relation to (the) soil, our relation to the plant life here, on which all other life depends. The “Ashoka Chakra” in the centre of the white is the wheel of the law of dharma. Truth or satya, dharma or virtue ought to be the controlling principle of those who work under this flag. Again, the wheel denotes motion. There is death in stagnation. There is life in movement. India should no more resist change, it must move and go forward. The wheel represents the dynamism of a peaceful change.”
A widely held unofficial interpretation is that the saffron stands for purity and spirituality, white for peace and truth, green for fertility and prosperity and the wheel for justice. Another interpretation is that the colours reflect India’s religious diversity, with saffron for Hinduism, green for Islam, white for Jainism, Sikhism, and Christianity, and the wheel for Buddhism.

veritas lux mea

Hey, can u plz give me, if u have any proof about Mr. S. Radhakrishna description?


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