what is craving according to buddha teachings?

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according to buddha, what is craving of forms , becoming and unbecoming that all create sufferings.
I m working in IT, i want to become higher level so i work hard and eager to know more information and knowledge to get it.
Is this craving of becoming or forms according to buddha? if so how could i become greater in life to earn more to serve my family.
What is wrong with expecting good thing happens and pleasant taste on food to eat when i m starving.
are these all craving that we should stop ? Please anyone answer.and one more
Why did buddha eat poisoned/decayed food which he may know it will kill him ? is it not dhamma to consume poisoned food to the natural body ? where dhamma stands in that?

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TruthSetsyouFree

Buddha is a mere man, his teaching shall not give you eternal life. Turn away from such idols and seek the living GOD my friend.

Shawn B

Craving is our attachment to sensory objects and is indeed the cause of much of our suffering. Buddha offered a plan to end our suffering called the Eight-fold Path, including right mindfulness and right view.

Prajna

Buddha taught for two objectives: 1) for liberation (ending of rebirth), and 2) for better rebirth.
Ending all cravings are meant for objective 1. As a lay person, we typically start with objective 2, only to proceed to higher objective 1 when we are ready.
For objective 1, you need not give up all craving, only give up those that are unwholesome and thus gives bad karma — e.g. illegal actions, actions against the five precepts etc.
Why did Buddha east poisoned food? My speculations:
1) Buddha already announced the he would enter nirvana 3-month earlier.
2) The one who offered the food was not aware that the food was poisoned, and had offered with great sincerity. Buddha wanted him to plant great good karma by accepting his offerings. Because he knew it was poisons, he told him not to offer to other monks.
3) Other parts of sutras recorded that others failed to (intentionally) poisoned Buddha. Indeed, Buddha had the capabilities to purge poison. But because all conditions are set for him to enter nirvana, he gracefully accepted the poisoned food, and behaved the same as a normal human who would die from food poisoning — after all, Buddha had always want to remind us that human can be enlightened like him.

no_1_1950

The previous contributions pretty much have it. To simplify and make it relevant, craving is a distortion. Craving occurs when we wish to approach pleasure or avoid pain. Both pursuits often cause great desperation and make us do things that we normally would not.
Example: if we play a video game and get a really high score (and feel happy and proud) then we tend to keep playing to repeat the experience. Eventually we get tired and start losing. This frustrates us, so we put down the game in disgust. Here one first approached pleasure so desperately that it caused pain. Then pain became an object to desperately avoid. But in truth the game is just the game, nothing more. It has no feeling of its own. Our own impressions cause the suffering and these impressions lead to an unsatisfactory experience (no game will be played as good as that one) that leads away from reality. It is distortion.
Such experience can happen with most anything, from eating donuts to studying IT. The specifics of whether it is a craving of becoming or forms isn’t really important.
Of course, the experience of eating a donut or pursuing IT can be deeply satisfactory as well. So long as it is in concord with reality, so long as the mind isn’t pushing too far this way or that. Or – if you already find yourself desperately craving IT – sometimes just fully recognizing it as such ends a great deal of suffering.
There is nothing wrong with expecting good things and pleasant-tasting food. But what happens when things don’t go according to plan? Will you let things go as they must, or will you cling to how you expected them to go?
Since life is destined to change, it is most skillful to recognize when one craves (to approach pleasure or avoid pain) such that one is inflexible to the inevitable change.

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