HomeDiscussion ForumWhat hormones does the pituitary gland control or release?

What hormones does the pituitary gland control or release?

If you can please mention what side (anterior and posterior) releases what?

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  1. The pituitary gland secretes hormones regulating homeostasis, including trophic hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands. It is functionally connected to the hypothalamus by the median eminence.
    Anterior pituitary (Adenohypophysis)
    Main article: Anterior pituitary
    The anterior pituitary synthesizes and secretes important endocrine hormones, such as ACTH, TSH, prolactin, growth hormone, endorphins, FSH, and LH. These hormones are released from the anterior pituitary under the influence of hypothalamic hormones. The hypothalamic hormones travel to the anterior lobe by way of a special capillary system, called the hypothalamic-hypophyseal portal system.
    [edit] Posterior pituitary (Neurohypophysis)
    Main article: Posterior pituitary
    The hormones secreted by the posterior pituitary are
    Oxytocin, where the majority is released from the paraventricular nucleus in the Hypothalamus
    Antidiuretic hormone (ADH, also known as vasopressin and AVP, arginine vasopressin), the majority of which is released from the supraoptic nucleus in the Hypothalamus
    Oxytocin is the only pituitary hormone to create a positive feedback loop. For example, uterine contractions stimulate the release of oxytocin from the posterior pituitary, which in turn increases uterine contractions. This positive feedback loop continues until the baby is born.
    [edit] Intermediate lobe
    There is also an intermediate lobe in many animals. For instance in fish it is believed to control physiological colour change. In adult humans it is just a thin layer of cells between the anterior and posterior pituitary. The intermediate lobe produces melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH), although this function is often (imprecisely) attributed to the anterior pituitary
    For more see wikipedia.org

  2. Anterior Pituitary releases:
    – human growth hormone
    – thyroid-stimulating hormone
    – follicle-stimulating hormone
    – luteinizing hormone
    – prolactin
    – adrenocorticotropic hormone
    – melanocyte-stimulating hormone
    Posterior Pituitary releases:
    – Oxytocin
    – antidiuretic hormone

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