Home Discussion Forum What are some contrasting views of these religions? Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism...

What are some contrasting views of these religions? Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism (daoism)?

On the concept of a loving, personal, and creating God figure?

5 COMMENTS

  1. Well you have to assume already that god is real.
    But almost all of these are a way of thought and not a hailing of a singular deity.

  2. Confucianism (Traditional Chinese: å„’å­¸; Simplified Chinese: å„’å­¦; pinyin: Rúxué [ Listen (help·info) ], literally “The School of the Scholars”; or 孔教 Kŏngjià o, “”) is a Chinese ethical and philosophical system originally developed from the teachings of the early Chinese sage Confucius. Confucius was the founder of the teachings of Confucianism. Confucianism is a complex system of moral, social, political, philosophical, and religious thought which has had tremendous influence on the culture and history of East Asia up to the 21st century. Some people in Europe have considered it to have been the “state religion” in East Asian countries because of governmental promotion of Confucianist values and needs.
    Debated during the Warring States Period and forbidden during the short-lived Qin Dynasty, Confucianism was chosen by Emperor Wu of Han for use as a political system to govern the Chinese state. Despite its loss of influence during the Tang Dynasty, Confucianist doctrine remained a mainstream Chinese orthodoxy for two millennia until the 20th century, when it was attacked by radical Chinese thinkers as a vanguard of a pre-modern system and an obstacle to China’s modernization, eventually culminating in its repression and vilification during the Cultural Revolution in the People’s Republic of China. After the end of the Cultural Revolution, Confucianism has been revived in mainland China, and both interest in and debate about Confucianism have surged.
    The cultures most strongly influenced by Confucianism include those of China (including Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macau), Japan, Korea, and Vietnam as well as various territories (including Singapore) settled predominantly by Chinese people.
    Confucianism as passed down to the 19th and 20th centuries derives primarily from the school of the Neo-Confucians, led by Zhu Xi, who gave Confucianism renewed vigor in the Song and later dynasties. Neo-Confucianism combined Taoist and Buddhist ideas with existing Confucian ideas to create a more complete metaphysics than had ever existed before. At the same time, many forms of Confucianism have historically declared themselves opposed to the Buddhist and Taoist belief systems.
    Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion and a philosophy.[1] Buddhism is also known as Buddha Dharma or Dhamma, which means the “teachings of the Awakened One” in Sanskrit and Pali, the languages of ancient Buddhist texts. Buddhism was founded around the fifth century BCE by Siddhartha Gautama, hereafter referred to as “the Buddha”.
    Taoism is the English name for a variety of related Chinese religious and philosophical traditions . These traditions influenced East Asia for over two thousand years and some have spread internationally.[1] Taoist propriety and ethics emphasize the Three Jewels of the Tao; love, moderation, humility. Taoist thought focuses on wu wei (“non-action”), spontaneity, humanism, relativism and emptiness.
    The Chinese character 道The character Tao 道 (or Dao, depending on the romanisation scheme) means “path” or “way”, but in Chinese religion and philosophy it has taken on more abstract meanings. Tao is rarely an object of worship, being treated more like the Central Asian concepts of atman and dharma.[2] The word “Taoism” is used to translate different Chinese terms. Daojiao (道教 “teachings/religion of the Dao”) refers to Daoism as a religion. Daojia (道家 “school of the Dao”) refers to the studies of scholars, or “philosophical” Daoism. However, most scholars have abandoned the dichotomy of “religious” and “philosophical” Daoism.[3]
    Most traditional Chinese Taoists are polytheistic. Nature and ancestor spirits are common in popular Taoism. Organized Taoism distinguishes its ritual activity from that of the folk religion, which some professional Taoists (Daoshi) view as debased. This sort of shamanism is eschewed for an emphasis on internal alchemy among the “elite” Taoists.
    Chinese alchemy, astrology, cuisine, several Chinese martial arts, Chinese traditional medicine, fengshui, and many styles of qigong breath training disciplines are intertwined with Taoism throughout history.
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confucianism
    http://www.religioustolerance.org/confuciu.htm
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddhism
    http://www.religioustolerance.org/buddhism.htm
    http://www.buddhanet.net/
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taoism
    http://www.religioustolerance.org/taoism.htm

  3. None of these religions really have a concept of a single personal loving creating god figure. They are more philosophies on how to live your life. Confucianism gives us the golden rule: do unto others as you would have others do unto you. Taoism tells us to “go with the flow” and Buddhism tells us that the only way to end suffering is to detach ourselves from the world. All these religions belive in many gods.

  4. They are really more philosophies (at least in their original forms) than religions. The concept of religion is different in the East than in the West.
    There is a famous painting called “The Vinegar Tasters”. In this picture, Buddha, Confucious, and Lao-Tzu (founders of the religions) are all tasting the vinegar. Buddha thinks it is bitter, Confucious thinks it’s sour, and Lao-Tzu thinks its sweet. The vinegar is a metaphor for life and this is how the three viewed life.

  5. To build on The Seal’s answer, Confucianism is about the right ‘behaviour’ or ‘duty’ between relationships.
    For Chinese Buddhism, you have Kuan Yin, the Goddess of Mercy. That’s the closest you get to a caring father figure I think. Kuan Yin is also incorporated into ‘Taoism’ – more about that.
    ‘Taoism’ is often split into two categories: the more philosophical or more mystical understandings of Taoism versus the more ‘folk’ or ‘popular’ practice which some call ‘shenism’ or Chinese popular religion. These are not exclusive categories but more two ends of a range of beliefs. At the extremes of both ends are people who deny the validity of the other end – ie Taoists who see the Chinese deities as just folklore on one end and devotees to a deity or group of deities who argue that they are not Taoists.
    The range of deities in Chinese popular religion do include a range of caring deities. An example that comes to mind whould be Tudi Gong (god of the earth or the neighbourhood god) who are seen as a grandfatherly figures that help out where he can. Some devotees do feel a special relationship to one deity and whose religious life centres around one deity.

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