The period around 500 – 400 B.C.E. – the approximate time of Buddha’s life – is known by scholars as the Axial Age because it represents a turning point in the awareness and expression of human experience.
In addition to the Buddha, other important figures who lived during this time period include:
– Zarathustra (the founder of Zoroastrianism (his date is controversial))
– Lao Tzu
– Isaiah, and other biblical figures