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Physiology Questions?

1. What body function is controlled by the thyroid?
2. What does the parathyroid control?
3. what hormones does the pancreas secrete? Adrenal gland? Pineal Gland? Ovaries? Testes?
4. What do all of the above control?
5. What is gigantism? What gland disfunctions with this disorder?
6. What is grave’s disease? Gland malfunction?
7. What is a gioter? Gland disorder?
8. What is the difference between hyper and hypo thyroidism?
9. What is hypoparathyriodism? What happens because of this disorder?


  1. Why don’t you read your book? Heck, you don’t even know the difference between the (#8) prefixes hyper and hypo! Time to put YOUR nose to the grindstone.

  2. Stinks of homework…
    1. Make thyroid hormone which has effects like controlling metabolic rate.
    2. makes parathyroid hormone which maintains plasma calcium
    3. in no particular order… insulin, glucagon, aldosterone, cortosol, epinephrine, norepinephrine, androgens, melatonin, estradiol, testosterone… sort them into their glands (it’ll be fun)
    4. oh… my… God. So.. much… work.
    5. Gigantism occurs with oversecretion of GH from the anterior pituitary.
    6. hyperthyroidism
    7. a big thyroid gland
    8. too much thyroid hormone vs too little (hyper has high metabolism, hypo has low)
    9. not enough PTH… plasma calcium can plummet.

  3. 1. Metabolic rate
    2. blood calcium levels
    3. (same order as your question, commas indicate next gland in your question) insulin and glucagon, corticoids and catecholamines(epinephrine), melatonin, estrogen and progesterone, androgens (testosterone)
    4. insulin and glucagon control blood glucose levels, corticoids control blood mineral levels, catecholamines are sympathetic excitors, melatonin helps with circadian rhythms and is a good antioxidant, estrogen and progesterone control female development and reproductive cycles, androgens control male reproduction and development.
    5. result of increased growth hormone, anterior pituitary
    6. auto-immune disease of the thyroid gland, causes hyperthyroidism
    7. goiter is overlarge thyroid caused by hyperthyroidism, so large that it makes your neck bulge
    8. hyper – over active; hypo – under active
    9. parathyroid deficiency, low blood calcium levels. You got strong bones but you will die without calcium supplements.


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