Home Discussion Forum How do Hinduism, Buddhism, and Taoism, view human nature and salvation?

How do Hinduism, Buddhism, and Taoism, view human nature and salvation?

What guidelines does each religious or philosophical tradition offer towards human enlightenment ?


  1. Salvation is a Christian specific concept, because Christians believe in original sin. Other religions do not deal with salvation, because there is nothing to be saved from.
    Buddhists believe that life is filled with pain, and pain is caused by desires. Through enlightenment one can reach the absence of pain- Nirvana.
    Taoists believe that the universe flows with purpose, and one should go with the flow of “destiny” or “fate” inorder to have a fulfilled life.
    Hinduism is not as easy to define as other faiths- to be Indian is to be Hindu, and to be Hindu is to be Indian. It is almost more like a cultural label and cultural beliefs rather than a single specific religion- a lot like Shinto in Japan or Judaism in most western cultures.
    Hindus believe in family, loyalty, and obligation. They believe in Karma, which means “what goes around comes around”, and in reincarnation.
    Some Hindus believe in one God (Brahman) some believe in a holy trinity (Brahma,Vishnu,Shiva) some believe in a whole host of gods and goddesses, some are even atheists.

  2. These religions tend to have in them the idea of a “force” driving the universe (Brahman in Hinduism, Tao in Taoism, God in monotheistic religions) that you can get to know through various practices like meditation.
    Some believe that as humans grow more spiritually powerful, they can become deities. In the end, when you reach enlightenment, your soul becomes one with this force.
    This notion of enlightenment is the closest to the Christian “salvation”.

  3. Hinduism (known as HindÅ« Dharma in some modern Indian languages[1]) is a religion that originated on the Indian subcontinent. In contemporary usage Hinduism is also referred to as Sanātana Dharma (सनातन धर्म), a Sanskrit phrase meaning “eternal law” or “eternal religion”.[2]
    With its origins in the Vedic civilization and, to a minor degree,[3] in the Indus Valley Civilization it has no known founder,[4][5] being itself a conglomerate of diverse beliefs and traditions. It is considered by some as the world’s oldest extant religion, [6][7] and has approximately a billion adherents, of whom about 905 million live in India and Nepal,[8] placing it as the world’s third largest religion after Christianity and Islam. Other countries with large Hindu populations include Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago.
    Hinduism provides a vast body of scriptures. Divided as revealed and remembered and developed over millennia, these scriptures expound on a broad of range of theology, philosophy and mythology, providing spiritual insights and guidance on the practice of dharma (religious living). Among such texts, Hindus revere the Vedas and the Upanishads and consider these as being among the foremost in authority, importance and antiquity. Other major scriptures include the Tantras and the sectarian Agamas, the Purāṇas and the epic Mahābhārata and Rāmāyaṇa. The Bhagavad Gītā, a treatise excerpted from the Mahābhārata, is sometimes called a summary of the spiritual teachings of the Vedas.
    Buddhism is a dharmic, non-theistic religion and a philosophy.[1] Buddhism is also known as Buddha Dharma or Dhamma, which means the “teachings of the Awakened One” in Sanskrit and Pali, languages of ancient Buddhist texts. Buddhism was founded around the fifth century BCE by Siddhartha Gautama, hereafter referred to as “the Buddha”.
    Taoism is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical and religious traditions and concepts. These traditions influenced East Asia for over two thousand years and some have spread internationally. [1] Taoist propriety and ethics emphasize the Three Jewels of the Tao; namely, love, moderation, humility. Taoist thought focuses on wu wei (“non-action”), spontaneity, humanism, and emptiness.
    The Chinese character 道The character Tao 道 (or Dao, depending on the romanisation scheme) means “path” or “way”, but in Chinese religion and philosophy it has taken on more abstract meanings. Tao is rarely an object of worship, being treated more like the Central Asian concepts of atman and dharma.[2] The word “Taoism” is used to translate different Chinese terms. Daojiao (道教 “teachings/religion of the Dao”) refers to Daoism as a religion. Daojia (道家 “school of the Dao”) refers to the studies of scholars, or “philosophical” Daoism. However, most scholars have abandoned the dichotomy of “religious” and “philosophical” Daoism.[3]
    Most traditional Chinese Taoists are polytheistic. Nature and ancestor spirits are common in popular Taoism. Organized Taoism distinguishes its ritual activity from that of the folk religion, which some professional Taoists (Daoshi) view as debased. This sort of shamanism is eschewed for an emphasis on internal alchemy among the “elite” Taoists.
    Chinese alchemy, astrology, cuisine, several Chinese martial arts, Chinese traditional medicine, fengshui, and many styles of qigong breath training disciplines are intertwined with Taoism throughout history.

  4. In buddhism we have experienced that the nature of every human being is “good”. But by our mental, verbal and physical actions we have created defilements. There are as clouths who cover the clear and open sky.
    Everybody can undo these defilements by living a moral life, meditation and wisdom

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