Is there a subconscious human psychological need that religion and/or belief in God fills?
In other words, is faith a hard-wired part of human psychological makeup? Do people by nature believe in God (or whatever) because they have a subconscious need to feel "special" and to feel that they have a purpose? Almost like some sort of defense mechanism? It would make sense from a psychology point-of view. The human mind is very complex.
i know you may not believe in islam, we have been told in the Quran that in the beginning of our creation, God has pulled us out from Adam and witnessed us of Himself that he is God, and we have testified yes he is our God, and this is called "Fitrah". who taught the bird how to build his house? it's "Fitrah", who taught the child that the milk is being carried by his mother, it's "Fitrah". Fitrah is something that taught inside of us from God.
And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam's loin his offspring) and made them testify as to themselves (saying): "Am I not your Lord?" they said: "Yes! We testify, "lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection: "Verily, we have been unaware of this."
English translation of the Quran Ch 7:172
There is also the need to have something bigger than ourselves that will make everything okay.... We go from that being mom and dad to God or the equivelant depending on your religion or lack of.
It doesn't have to be a "subconscious" need (and I think you mean "preconscious," since there's really no such term as "subconscious" in psychology).
But yes, there is a psychological need. It has to do with the need to replace Daddy and the family structure in our lives as we grow older. Daddy = Santa Claus = God. Family = religious institution = rules and "our ways." --Rev. Dr. Bob