How Did the Renaissance and the Scientific Revolution Lay the Foundation for Enlightenment?
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The Renaissance and Scientific Revolutions spurred the interest in the study of natural occurrences in the environment. Enlightenment thinkers took the interest of those previous revolutionaries and put it towards social studies, such as politics, economics, and human well being.
According to the source of all information, the Scientific Revolution began 1543 with the publication of Copernicus’ “De revolutionibus orbium coelestium” which roughly coincides with the High Renaissance. The Enlightenment was the culmination of the printing and study of ancient (“pagan”) philosophical, mathematical and scientific texts, the development of the philosophy of humanism, and most importantly, Galileo who called into question the unproven dogmatic assertions of the Church which subsequently led thinkers away from superstition and toward reason as the method for investigating Nature and developing ideas about society and human freedom.
In both the Renaissance and the Scientific Revolution, intellectuals began looking for answers and explanations for the way the world worked outside of religious dogma.
This created generations of thinkers who took no “fact” on it’s face value- including the rights of man, how government should work, and what was more important-this world or the next.